It is horticulture and a subset of hydroculture that involves growing plants (usually crops) without soil by using mineral nutrients. Instead of planting mineral nutrients needed for growth from the ground, plants get all of their nutrition through a nutrient solution supplied to their roots.
It works in a variety of scenarios, from growing a small collection of herbs all the way up to numerous plants in a large-scale commercial operation. People with limited or no outdoor space, such as urban residents, apartment dwellers, or renters who cannot have an outdoor garden, find hydroponics especially useful.
You can grow:
· Lettuce, etc.
They use nutrients, water, and sunlight. In a traditional garden, soil anchors the plant and acts as a reservoir system that eliminates the need for soil by providing a nutrient-charged aqueous solution directly to the roots that keep the plant fed and hydrated while supplemental lighting solutions mimic sunlight.
Advantages of hydroponics
· An extended growing season
· Improved growth and yield
· Higher plant density
· Plants can grow anywhere
· Less water consumption
· Fewer pest problems
· Easier to harvest mature plants
Disadvantages of hydroponics
· It is expensive to set up
· Vulnerable to power outages
· It requires constant monitoring and maintenance
· Waterborne diseases
· Problems affect plants quicker
Why you should try it
· It is a great way to try growing healthy plants at home without the use of soil.
· Plants grown in hydroponics have higher yields and present a host of other advantages.