Climate change refers to the change in the environmental conditions of the earth. This happens due to many internal and external factors. Climatic change has become a global concern over the last few decades. Besides, these climatic changes affect life on the earth in various ways. These climatic changes are having various impacts on the ecosystem and ecology. Due to these changes, a number of species of plants and animals have gone extinct.
When Did it Start?
The climate started changing a long time ago due to human activities but we came to know about it in the last century. During the last century, we started noticing climatic change and its effect on human life. We started researching climate change and came to know that the earth's temperature is rising due to a phenomenon called the greenhouse effect. The warming up of the earth's surface causes many ozone depletion, affects our agriculture, water supply, transportation, and several other problems.
Reason For Climate Change
Although there are hundreds of reasons for climatic change we are only going to discuss the natural and manmade (human) reasons.
These include volcanic eruption, solar radiation, tectonic plate movement, and orbital variations. Due to these activities, the geographical condition of an area becomes quite harmful for life to survive. Also, these activities raise the temperature of the earth to a great extent causing an imbalance in nature.
Man due to his need and greed has done many activities that not only harm the environment but himself too. Many plant and animal species go extinct due to human activity. Human activities that harm the climate include deforestation, using fossil fuels, industrial waste, a different type of pollution and many more. All these things damage the climate and ecosystem very badly. And many species of animals and birds got extinct or on a verge of extinction due to hunting.
Effects Of Climatic Change
These climatic changes have a negative impact on the environment. The ocean level is rising, glaciers are melting, CO2 in the air is increasing, forest and wildlife are declining, and water life is also getting disturbed due to climatic changes. Apart from that, it is calculated that if this change keeps on going then many species of plants and animals will get extinct. And there will be a heavy loss to the environment.
What will be the Future?
If we do not do anything and things continue to go on like right now then a day in the future will come when humans will become extinct from the surface of the earth. But instead of neglecting these problems, we start acting on them we can save the earth and our future.
KLC's Plea to Basotho
We urge Basotho to keep their surroundings clean, separate their waste into plastic, metal, paper and organic bins to easy recycling processes.